Pakistan’s Energy Mix and Renewable Future

According to US government statistics, Pakistan’s energy mix is formed of 64% fossil fuels, 27% hydropower and 9% other renewables and nuclear power. While Pakistan has strong potential for producing renewable energy it is still far behind much of the world in developing these sources.

Fossil fuels Pakistan

Fossil fuels still dominate Pakistan’s energy mix. Recent examples of fossil fuel-powered projects in the country include the China Power Hub Generation Company’s (CPHGC) coal-fired power plant in the Balouchistan region of the country, which has a capacity of 1320MW.

Pakistan also has domestic natural gas resources, producing nearly 37 million cubic feet in 2018. Of this, 43% is used in its power sector, powering plants such as the Balloki power plant outside of Lahore. Natural gas accounts for 40% of Pakistan’s energy needs

A Renewable Future

Renewable energy has been slow to develop in Pakistan, and currently only accounts for 4% of the energy mix. However, under Prime Minister Imran Khan’s current government, plans to increase the country’s renewable capacity have stepped up.

In April 2019 the government announced that Pakistan will aim to have 30% of its energy capacity from renewable sources such as wind, solar and biomass by 2030. There was an estimation that Pakistan could produce 340 GW of wind power alone. This plan will coincide with hydropower rising slightly to 30% of Pakistan’s energy mix. According to the International Hydropower Association, Pakistan has the potential to produce 60,000 MW of hydro-power. However, Pakistan currently produces just over 7000 MW.

The largest hydropower plant in the country is the Tarbela Dam project in the north of the country. With a capacity of over 4000 MW, the power plant has been in operation since 1984 at a cost of nearly $1.5bn. Pakistan has been slow on the renewable uptake. It has belatedly made moves to expand its wind and solar capacity, alongside boosting its nuclear power capacity. However, the fossil fuel sector still leads the way in Pakistan

Leave a Reply